Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy 2019-05-23T15:29:16+02:00 Hilde Kjerland Open Journal Systems <p><em>Voices</em> is an Open Access peer reviewed journal that invites interdisciplinary dialogue and discussion about music, health, and social change. The journal nurtures a critical edge that refines the focus on inclusiveness, socio-cultural awareness, and social justice.&nbsp;</p> Global Perspectives on Music Therapy 2019-05-23T15:29:07+02:00 Katrina McFerran <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2019-02-27T23:12:46+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## An Exploration into the Perception of Music Interventions in Hospitals amongst Healthcare Professionals 2019-03-01T11:59:13+01:00 Naomi Elisabeth Mary Chadder <p>In order to raise awareness of how music can be used beneficially in hospitals, it is necessary to further understand the perception of music interventions amongst those working in this setting. A mixed methods approach was employed. Thirty-one healthcare professionals completed an online survey or interview asking how much live music existed in hospitals, their knowledge of music interventions, and expected effects. Attitudes towards introducing live music, where this would be appropriate, and willingness to learn more were also investigated. Four participants also took part in a follow up study. Live music was found to be uncommon, with no standardised internal system to enable it. Participants had little knowledge of research surrounding the use of music in medical settings. However, only 36% of this sample of healthcare professionals were willing to learn more.</p> <p>Observing a music session had a significant effect on the perception of the efficacy of music. Having observed a live session, healthcare professionals thought it would have a long term benefit to patients. There was interest in increasing the amount of live music on the ward and integrating a music therapist into the healthcare team. Therefore, this study highlights the importance of increasing awareness of music interventions amongst healthcare professionals, through observing music sessions and presenting evidence of the benefits of these during training programmes and Continued Professional Development (CPD) in order to create a more positive perception of music within hospitals.</p> 2019-02-25T15:54:47+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Pilot Study Investigating Research Design Feasibility Using Pre-post Measures to Test the Effect of Music Therapy in Psychiatry with People Diagnosed with Personality Disorders 2019-05-23T15:29:13+02:00 Niels Hannibal Inge Nygaard Pedersen Lars Ole Bonde Lars Rye Bertelsen <p>Introduction: The objectives of the pilot study were (a) to investigate the feasibility of the research design (referral procedure, data collection procedure, measurement tools, and treatment doses/frequency); (b) to develop and evaluate the PROMT treatment manual; and (c) to test the use of flexible and or multiple interventions as part of the treatment options. Findings from this investigation aim to prepare for a future outcome study of music therapy treatments for patients with personality disorders, that are inspired by analytically oriented music psychotherapy and mentalization-based treatment.</p> <p>Methods: Four participants assessed and diagnosed with personality disorder received 40 sessions of individual music therapy. Pre and post measures of outcome variables looking at attachment style, helping alliance, symptom severity, interpersonal problems, and quality of life were evaluated for inclusion in the design. Interviews with clinicians were used to further evaluate the manual.</p> <p>Results: All participants completed treatment. Outcome measurement provided usable information and also showed some positive changes in the four cases. The research design was found to be usable for a larger study. The treatment manual was evaluated as usable, but specification on how to use mentalization-based treatment in music-based interventions is required in a future manual.</p> <p>Discussion: In light of the current findings, we discuss several factors relevant to a possible future outcome study, including the research design, theoretical model, and specific elements of the treatment manual. We also discuss the potential of using flexible and/or multiple interventions as part of the treatment options. We conclude that integration of mentalization-based treatment into music therapy seems promising, but further development of the treatment manual is needed.</p> 2019-02-11T18:44:09+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Scaffolding Young People’s Journey from Mental Health Services into Everyday Social Music Making 2019-03-01T11:59:14+01:00 Cherry Hense <p>Many young people experience social isolation during times of mental illness which can impact lifelong health outcomes. Supporting recovery involves addressing the social dimensions of mental health and promoting capacity for community engagement. Music therapy groups offer people in mental health recovery opportunities to build social competencies in ways that align with recovery principles. However, no studies have explored the potential of such programmes in youth populations. A practice-based study was designed to explore how a pilot group music therapy project could support young people to bridge from mental health services into everyday community engagement. Young people participated in group music therapy sessions facilitated by a music therapist and music mentor. Mixed data was collected and analysed using inductive content and thematic methods. Findings show that young people primarily came to music therapy to work on social and musical competencies and the majority reported an improvement in their selected goal areas. Analytic themes illustrate young people’s experience of the group as a safe space that supported processes of coming together and constructing the social identity. Findings are discussed in relation to current mental health and music therapy practice. Recommendations for further service development are made and the concept of scaffolding is offered as a useful way of considering how support may be structured.</p> 2019-02-26T14:23:32+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Significance of the Process of Music Therapy for Children with Multiple Social and Communication Disabilities 2019-05-23T15:29:10+02:00 Sara Marta Knapik-Szweda <p>Music therapy is an interdisciplinary branch of science and a form of therapy which enables establishing contact with every human being by means of an aesthetic sound message. The aim of this paper is to present the influence of music therapy procedures on communicative and social areas of the development of children with multiple disabilities, namely two boys. Moreover, the research activity is also concentrated on the ways music influences particular cases, namely which chosen music therapy strategies. The article presents individualizing research in a qualitative dimension. The outline of the research project is presented with its problem matters, research objectives, methods (of individual case study), and research techniques, as well as a detailed description of the research tool - The Individualized Music Therapy Assessment Profile (IMTAP) recommended by the American Music Therapy Association (AMTA). The results presented in a detailed description and observation schedule as well as data collected from interviews demonstrates and, at the same time, answers the research question that music therapy is a useful and effective form of therapy in the case of two boys with multiple disabilitities – to improve social and communicative functioning of the their development.</p> 2019-02-11T23:13:03+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Community Music Therapy and Participatory Performance 2019-05-23T15:29:16+02:00 Elizabeth Mitchell <p>This case study research explores the impact of a musical performance event—the Coffee House—held bi-annually at an adolescent mental health treatment facility in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. Any client or staff member is welcomed to perform at this event, which is organized by the facility’s music therapist and framed here as an example of community music therapy. Drawing upon Turino’s (<a href="">2008</a>) ethnomusicological perspective on performance, I will argue that the Coffee House’s success within this context is due to its participatory ethos, wherein success is primarily defined by the act of participation. Here, performance takes place within an inclusive and supportive atmosphere in which participants can overcome anxiety, engage in the risk-taking of performance, and experience increased self-efficacy and confidence. This ethos also naturally affords a “levelling” of institutional relationship dynamics. Resonant with Aigen’s (<a href="">2004</a>) vision that “performances as community music therapy can forge a new type of art, one that creates meaning and invites participation” (p. 211), the Coffee House exemplifies the ways in which the values within participatory settings are indeed different and new in comparison to presentational settings that are the norm in Western society.</p> 2019-01-14T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A History of the Music Therapy Profession 2019-03-01T11:59:14+01:00 Yumi Tahara <p>&nbsp;<em>A History of the Music Therapy Profession: Diverse Concepts and Practices</em>, written by Kerry L.Hyrniw Byers, provides a synopsis of music therapy’s development as a profession. One of the features of this book is the presentation of the relationship between theoretical, philosophical, clinical, and professional aspects of music therapy as well as the chronological development of these aspects. Another important point of the book is Byers’ search for a unified theory, which would explain the profession in its entirety. This book review is written by a Japanese music therapist from a different cultural background to the author, and the reviewer concludes that this book will be useful for music therapists all over the world to understand the field’s development and its rich diversity.</p> 2019-01-26T13:03:08+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Service Learning Within the Community Music Therapy Approach (CoMT) 2019-05-23T15:29:15+02:00 Soo-Jin Kwoun <p>The paper explores service learning as one of the pedagogical methods for music therapy students in supporting them to become professionals who can adapt and practice a holistic approach. Community music therapy (CoMT) is proposed as a conceptual framework that can guide the development and practice of music therapy service learning projects. Accordingly, a case example is presented of music therapy student service learning project based from a CoMT orientation. More specifically, this example reflects on participation in the Creative Music Making program as a service learning project for music therapy students. Creative Music Making is an annual collaborative music performance project conducted by the Maryville University Music Therapy Program, St. Louis Symphony, and St. Louis Arc, a non-profit organization that serves individuals with developmental disabilities. The paper outlines the details of the project and discusses the positive impact of the Creative Music Making project on the community participants, the over-arching community, and the music therapy students’ personal and professional development.</p> 2019-01-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##